Suwon (Suwon-si) is the provincial capital of Gyeonggi-do, South Korea. A city of over a million inhabitants, Suwon lies approximately 30 kilometres (20 miles) south of Seoul and is one of the most populous of Seoul's satellite cities. It is traditionally known as "The City of Filial Piety".
Suwon has existed in various forms throughout Korea's history, growing from a small settlement in tribal times to a major industrial and cultural city today. Suwon is the only remaining completely walled city in South Korea. As such, the city walls are one of the more popular tourist destinations in Gyeonggi Province. As an industrial centre, Suwon houses a large Samsung Electronics factory. Suwon is served by two motorways, the national railway network and the Seoul Metropolitan Subway, facilitating transport of commuters, tourists and goods alike.
Suwon is a major educational centre, being home to 14 university campuses. This, along with widespread transport links, draws inhabitants from across the country and foreign population of 1.85%.
Suwon is known domestically as a footballing city. Suwon Samsung Bluewings Football Club has won the K-league on three occasions.
In ancient tribal times, Suwon was known as Mosu-guk. However, during the time when Korea consisted of three kingdoms (from the year AD 475 until the Unified Silla era), it was part of the kingdom of Goguryeo and went by the name of Maehol-gun. (At that time, "mae" could have been read as "mi" and "hol" as "gol", but the modern pronunciation of the Chinese characters is "Maehol".) The Unified Silla period followed and during this time, in AD 757) under the rule of King Gyeongdeok, the name was changed to Suseong-gun. The name changed again in AD 940 to Suju during the Goryeo Dynasty. It was King Taejong of the Joseon Dynasty who renamed the city Suwon in 1413.